ERIC Takes Seattle Back to Court Over New Employer Health Care Mandate

For Immediate Release

Washington, DC – The ERISA Industry Committee (ERIC) has filed an amended complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington challenging Seattle’s Municipal Code (SMC) 14.28, on grounds that the new law is preempted by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), the federal law that enables employers to administer health and retirement benefits uniformly across the country.

The Seattle City Council’s new law requires large hotel employers and employers of ancillary hotel businesses, such as restaurants within hotels, parking services, etc., to make health care payments to or on behalf of employees. Employers have three options to comply:

  1. Provide direct monthly payments to the employees in an amount set in the ordinance

  2. Enroll the employees in group health insurance sponsored by the employers, where the employer’s premium expenditure matches or exceeds the amount set in the ordinance

  3. Cover the employees in the employer’s self-funded health plan, so that the average per-capita monthly expenditures for the individuals matches or exceeds the amount in the ordinance. 

ERIC believes the new law is preempted by ERISA, because its requirement that hotel employers make direct payments to employees or provide coverage under their group health plans has an impermissible reference to and connection with an ERISA plan.

“ERIC will continue to challenge any city or state that attempts to mandate or impose requirements on private health or retirement plans in violation of ERISA,” said Annette Guarisco Fildes, ERIC’s president and CEO. “We appreciate that the City of Seattle wants employees to have health coverage, but the City cannot impose mandates on employers that are already offering health coverage to their employees. ERISA is in place to give all employers the ability to administer their benefits plans uniformly, so they can provide benefits that best fit their multi-state workforce.”

In 2018, ERIC filed the original complaint, challenging Seattle’s earlier health care ordinance contained in Part 3 of the Seattle Hotel Employees Health and Safety Initiative – SMC 14.25, which would have mandated large hotels either offer a specific level of coverage in an employer-sponsored group health plan or  provide additional compensation based, in part, on the cost of coverage. In 2019, the City repealed SMC 14.25 after ERIC briefed the ERISA preemption issues and the Washington state appellate court voided all aspects of the initiative on state constitutional grounds, replacing it with SMC 14.28. As ERIC charges in the amended complaint, the replacement law is also preempted by ERISA.

“It was imperative ERIC fight Seattle’s latest health care law as it  is preempted by ERISA and could potentially be applied to more large employers in the hotel and ancillary industries,” said Guarisco Fildes. “ERIC appreciates the City working with us to continue the litigation and allowing ERIC to file this amended complaint. We are confident the judge will rule in favor of protecting ERISA and large employers’ ability to offer the best benefits to their individual workforces.”

To read ERIC’s amended complaint against the City of Seattle, click here.


All media inquiries to The ERISA Industry Committee should be directed to

About The ERISA Industry Committee
ERIC is a national advocacy organization that exclusively represents large employers that provide health, retirement, paid leave, and other benefits to their nationwide workforces. With member companies that are leaders in every sector of the economy, ERIC advocates on the federal, state, and local levels for policies that promote flexibility and uniformity in the administration of their employee benefit plans.